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Energy Efficiency in Nigeria: How To Cut Cost



Energy Efficiency in Nigeria: How To Cut Cost

Energy efficiency (EE) refers to the use of less energy to complete an activity or achieve a goal. Discussions about EE have been going on for a while now. It is not yet a well-known idea in Nigeria, though. Therefore, how feasible is maintaining energy efficiency in Nigeria?

It is first and foremost a matter of awareness, according to Diwa’a Jirai, a staff member at the sustainability community SustyVibes. Diwa’a was quoted in a statement remarking:

The real question should be, how many people even know what energy efficiency is? Maybe the name will give them an idea. I believe we will stay energy efficient as it reduces the amount of energy required to provide the same service and products. So, I will say one can stay energy efficient if there are better ways and easy access to get substitutes for these things.”

According to Moses Nasamu, the executive director of the non-profit organization Energy Savers Nigeria, Nigerians can be energy-efficient by keeping local quirks in mind.

In contrast to other developed countries, he noted, Nigeria is currently experiencing a power deficit, with almost 46% of the population not having access to the grid. Only 45% of the power supply is available at the consumer terminals for those who are fortunate enough to be connected.

As a result, behavioral and cultural impediments to the adoption of energy efficiency were discovered by the team.

Ikeja Electric data reveals how the specifications of several home appliances use power on various tariff levels depending on the product brand:

As an illustration, 1 horsepower of air conditioning will use about 0.745 kw per hour. As a result, if a consumer leaves an air conditioner on for 12 hours, the value is equal to 12 times 0.745, or 8.94 per day and 268.2 over the course of 30 days.

That is equal to N13,400 when multiplied by N50. The consumer would spend that amount for a month’s worth of use of one air conditioner.

According to energy efficiency experts, knowing what vampire appliances are is the most crucial item for power users to consider when attempting to save energy.

Even while they are on standby, some gadgets use up to 50% of the electricity. Microwaves, chargers, televisions, decoders, audio systems, and inverters are a few of these vampire appliances.

When the batteries are charged on the grid, inverters can use a significant amount of electricity. When batteries are charged on-grid, savings from inverter usage may be lost.

Selecting a charger that either overcharges or undercharges the battery is one of the quickest ways to deteriorate a battery. By purchasing intelligent battery chargers, users may control inverter charging.

Turning these devices completely off when not in use is the only way to manage the amount of electricity they consume each day. Power is still used even when they are off. It is therefore recommended that we only turn them on when necessary.

Based on Moses Nasamu’s views, Nigerians need to be aware of how much energy they are using and which gadgets are responsible for it. Electricity meter readings taken at regular intervals of 12 hours or at the same time each day can be used to track vampire equipment.

Different appliances use energy differently. Compact fluorescent light (CFL) and light emitting diode (LED) bulbs, single-door refrigerators, eco-friendly phone chargers (they switch themselves off when a device is fully charged), and smart home energy monitors are a few of these energy-saving equipment.

But many of the appliances used often in Nigerian households, are energy-hungry. So, there is a need to lower energy expenses in order to reduce energy use.

Smart metering, in the opinion of NERC, reduces energy prices more effectively than diesel and solar energy.

This is so that metered customers simply pay for the power they use under service-based tariff plans and do not have to pay for meters under the national mass metering program (NMMP). From their meters, they may also keep an eye on their energy consumption.

In contrast, diesel-powered electricity not only pollutes through CO2 emissions but also costs as much as N800 per litre as of October 2022. A week’s worth of industrial activity will require the purchase of up to N40,000 in fuel.

Except for an extensive solar panel setup with powerful batteries that would be too expensive for the typical Nigerian, solar energy has a limit to its effectiveness when it comes to powering particular items.

A power user can install a house solar power system and batteries that can power all of his appliances, including air conditioners and numerous sound systems, for up to N3 million, which is obviously out of reach for some Nigerians.

Energy Efficiency in Nigeria: How To Cut Cost

A typical 10kVa solar-powered system might cost between N3 million and N5 million to buy and install, according to study. This is dependent on the solution’s constituent parts, such as the solar panels’ wattage, the quantity and type of batteries, the inverters, and converters.

The Ikeja power distribution company (DisCo) includes a calculator sheet you can use to figure out how much energy you use each day.

Turning off kitchen appliances when not in use, recycling trash, and using less electricity are just a few energy-efficient techniques that Diwa’a claims Nigerians could readily embrace.

We have seen a poultry farm in the Kuje area council of Abuja, where they use chicken waste to generate electricity for their community. Recycled waste can be turned into things that can still be used for other purposes, like plastics being used as interlocking tiles, to build houses, etc.”

Nigeria produces more than 32 million tons of trash annually, but only 20 to 30% of it is collected, according to a 2021 study by Bio consult.

Energy efficiency is one area that, according to the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), will help create jobs in the energy sector by 2050. Additionally, in many nations today, energy efficiency is the primary force behind sustainable development.


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UK Government To Set Online Bill Criminalizing Self Harm



UK Government Sets Online Bill To Criminalize Self Harm

In an effort to stop what it calls “tragic and preventable deaths caused by people seeing self-harm content online,” the UK government has announced it will further broaden the scope of online safety legislation by making encouraging self-harm a crime.

According to the most recent modification to the divisive but popular Online Safety Bill, in-scope platforms would be compelled to remove anything that purposefully encourages someone to physically harm themselves, or face legal repercussions.

The government intends to tackle “abhorrent trolls urging the young and vulnerable to self-harm,” according to the secretary of state for digital. People who post such content online may also be prosecuted under the new offence of encouraging self injury.

The maximum fines will be announced in due time, according to the administration.

In the UK, it is already unlawful to promote or aid suicide, whether in person or online. By creating a new offense, self-harm content will now be subject to the same laws that already ban suicide promotion.

Following a snag, last summer associated with political unrest in the ruling Conservative Party, the Online Safety Bill’s progress through parliament is now on hold. However, the newly reorganized UK government has declared that it will reintroduce the measure to parliament next month after making changes to the law.

The abuse of intimate imagery is a problem that will be addressed by recent revisions to the Online Safety Bill, which was just made public by the Ministry of Justice. However, other revisions are planned regarding “legal but harmful” information, thus the final form of the Act is still up in the air.

The government responded to concerns about the bill’s impact on online freedom of expression a few months ago. The (new) secretary of state, Michelle Donelan, announced in September that she would be “editing” the bill to lessen concern about its impact on “legal but harmful” speech for adults.

The most recent changes, making it illegal to send online communications encouraging self harm, came after that announcement.

UK Government Sets Online Bill To Criminalize Self Harm

Donelan was quoted by the BBC as claiming that Molly Russell, a 14-year-old teenager who committed suicide five years ago after watching thousands of online articles on self-harm and suicide on websites like Instagram and Pinterest, was a factor in the most recent changes.

Social media was found to have contributed to Russell’s death, according to the results of an inquest into her death in September. While the coroner’s “prevention of future deaths” report from last month that a number of steps be done to control and monitor young people’s access to social media content.

The addition of the crime of promoting self harm, according to the Department for Digital, Culture, Media, and Sport, will outlaw “one of the most worrying and prevalent internet harms that now falls below the threshold of criminal behavior.”

Donelan stated in a statement:

“I am determined that the abhorrent trolls encouraging the young and vulnerable to self-harm are brought to justice.

“So I am strengthening our online safety laws to make sure these vile acts are stamped out and the perpetrators face jail time.

“Social media firms can no longer remain silent bystanders either and they’ll face fines for allowing this abusive and destructive behaviour to continue on their platforms under our laws.”

Hate crimes, rules regarding revenge porn (including disseminating deepfake porn without content), harassment, and cyberstalking are among the other top criminal offenses already mentioned in the bill.

Regardless of what the measure states on paper, there are still a lot of unknowns regarding how platforms will react to having legal obligations imposed on them to police all forms of speech, as well as if it would actually increase web user safety as claimed.

Critics worry that the regime will have a chilling effect by turning platforms into de facto speech police and encouraging them to overblock content in order to reduce their legal risk of paying a hefty fine.

The regime’s penalties scale up to 10% of global annual turnover, and non-cooperative senior executives even run the risk of going to jail.

On Monday, December 5, the bill is scheduled to return to parliament.








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Twitter Amnesty Is What Elon Musk is Going For Next



Twitter Amnesty Is What Elon Musk is Going For Next

Tesla CEO and newly appointed Twitter CEO, Elon Musk did promise a new dimension for the micro-blogging social media platform prior to taking over, and his actions recently, have just about lived up to the promise, but now, the billionaire is set for an ‘amnesty’ that surely will drive some political divides nuts if certain individuals are granted Twitter amnesty as he wants.

Elon Musk announced on Thursday that starting the next week, Twitter will provide suspended accounts “a general amnesty.” The day before, the platform’s CEO published a poll asking users if they thought affected accounts should be restored.

The announcement comes just after Musk lifted the platform’s restriction on former president Donald Trump after conducting a related poll. Trump declared he had no intention of returning to the platform despite being banned following the attack on the US Capitol on January 6, 2021.

Users of the Twitter platform who had their accounts suspended could rejoin the network “assuming they have not broken the law or engaged in egregious spam,” according to Musk’s user survey.

Twitter Amnesty Is What Elon Musk is Going For Next

The survey received responses from about 3.2 million individuals, who voted 72.4% in favor of amnesty.

“The people have spoken. Amnesty begins next week. Vox Populi, Vox Dei,” Musk said, using a Latin phrase that means “The voice of the people is the voice of god.”

Historically, Twitter has deactivated accounts who advocate violence, celebrate hate and harassment, or persistently disseminate false information that may be harmful.

Some well-known people who were banned from the website include MyPillow CEO Mike Lindell, who made a number of claims that Trump actually won the 2020 presidential election, former Trump advisor and former executive chairman of Breitbart Steve Bannon, who said Anthony Fauci and FBI Director Christopher Wray should be beheaded, and Proud Boys founder Gavin McInnes, who broke the website’s rule against violent extremist groups.

Considering that more voices with possibly negative views will be returning to the site, it’s unclear from Musk’s brief post how Twitter will handle content control going forward.

These worries have only grown as a result of Musk’s huge firings and the outflow of workers who would rather leave than remain “hardcore.”

Elon Musk is surely growing more unpopular by remaining popular these days.

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Twitter Working On New Feature For Long Texts



Twitter Working On New Feature For Long Texts

Writing a thread on Twitter can be considered daunting especially when you have to divide the text into 280-character sections for it to make meaning.

Good news though as the platform is stated to be working on a way to convert lengthy texts into threads automatically.

When a tweet exceeds the 280-character limit, Twitter’s composer will automatically divide it into a thread, according to a tweet from app researcher Jane Manchun Wong.

Twitter wants to make making threads less difficult, as she stated in a message to a user (identified as me).

Currently, in order to add a tweet to a thread and post the subsequent 280 characters, users must click the Add button. This can be particularly unpleasant when you are trying out an idea or pasting information from another document.

Several users have recently brought up the difficulty posting to and reading conversations with more than a few tweets; the thread in question was 82 tweets long and focused on the defunct crypto-currency exchange FTX. In response, Musk stated that the team is working to make thread writing simpler.

It will be useful to have markers to designate the start and end of a tweet in the thread, although the exact implementation details remain unknown, as Financial Times product manager Matt Taylor noted. This makes it simpler for users to change the text in a way that doesn’t disrupt the reading flow.

Musk has previously addressed the problem of posting lengthy tweets. He previously stated that the social network is developing the capability to attach long-form content to tweets. If that will be a standalone feature from the new thread composer is unclear.

Currently, some users rely on third-party programs like Typefully, ThreadStart, and Chirr App, which offer capabilities like scheduling along with tools to automatically divide your post into threads without interfering with sentence flow.

Thanks to its acquisition of Threader the previous year, the company today provides Twitter Blue customers with a simple way to read threads. However, Musk hasn’t actually stated whether he is altering the reading experience for the typical user.

There is already a long-form writing program on Twitter called Notes, but it is exclusively available to a small number of writers, and under Musk’s leadership, its future is unclear.

Even though Twitter programmers are already working on it, it is unclear when the new composer tool for threads will launch. Since taking over the business, Musk has let go of more than half the employees.

Numerous executives have left, and the new leader even gave the remaining employees yesterday an ultimatum: either be “hardcore” or quit. There is no assurance that goods will be delivered on time in this situation.

The new Twitter Blue plan with a verification mark was hurriedly launched by the firm, only for the scheme to be discontinued a few days later. Musk stated earlier this week that the launch date had been moved to later in the month.

Wong just found code that suggests Twitter is working on encrypting direct communications from end to end.


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